Spelt Swedish Lussebullar (Saint Lucia Saffron Buns)






This recipe for Spelt Swedish Lussebullar first appeared on my first blog, The Culinary Jumble. The original recipe was tweaked to include spelt flour.



What are lussebullar?

Lussebullar (saffron-infused buns) are a traditional staple during the run up to Christmas in Sweden. They are made to celebrate Sankta Lucia (St Lucia’s day) on 13th December, but you start to see them from around the beginning of November right up until Christmas itself.



Lussebullar is the umbrella term for the slightly sweetened, saffron-infused buns. The ones I’ve made are the most common and go by the name of lussekatter (katter means cat). Although there isn’t any real confirmation of why they are named after cats, the common S shape is said to look like a cat’s tail. However, the saffron dough can be twisted into many beautifully intricate designs, such as crosses. 



In the past, I’ve made lussekatter by rolling out a piece of dough and twisting the ends to give the S shape. This time, I thought I would roll out the dough, and cut it into strips, the same way I did when making my giant cinnamon bun. Then, I rolled up the strips, as shown in the video below:


[videopress p3MYtYX4]


I chose to make cute, small lussekatter. In the shops, they are a little bigger, but I thought they turned out  completely perfect. As you can see, Swedish lussebullar are visually stunning. The colour in the images is authentic – they really are a beautiful, bright yellow.

The flavour of saffron is big in Sweden over the festivities and I always find it very inspiring to work with. 



If you’ve enjoyed this, check out my other amazing saffron recipes:


Swedish saffron cake

Saffron and white chocolate buns

Saffron Swedish skorpor (biscotti)

16 stunning saffron recipes (round-up)


Swedish Lussekatter (saffron buns)

Course Snack
Cuisine Swedish
Servings 12 buns



  • 50g (3½ tbsp) butter
  • ½ gram (¼ tsp) ground saffron
  • 200ml (⅘ cup) milk
  • 7g (2 tsp)  dried yeast (see note 3)
  • 1 egg
  • 80g (⅓ cup) sugar
  • 300g-450g (2½ cups - 3¾ cups) spelt flour (see note 2)
  • 1 small egg (for the egg wash)
  • raisins


  • Melt the butter in a small pan.
  • When melted, add the saffron, and allow the mixture to cook for a couple of minutes.
  • Remove from the heat, and stir in the milk. Allow to sit for around 15 minutes.
  • Add the cooled mixture and the egg to your stand mixer, and give it a quick mix.
  • Add the remaining ingredients, and 300g of flour. Work the mixture, gradually adding more flour as necessary. Be careful with this step, as too much flour will result in dry bread. At this stage, the dough should still be a little tacky.
  • Switch to a dough hook attachment (if you have one) and knead the dough for around 10 minutes. The dough should be shiny, and drop fairly easily from the hook.
  • Cover with a tea-towel and allow the dough to proof for around and hour, or until doubled in size.
  • When the dough is ready, line a large baking tray with baking paper.
  • Pre-heat the oven to 200℃ / 400℉.
  • Knock back the dough, and roll out into a long triangle of around 40cm x 32cm (15¾" x 12½").
  • Cut into around 12-16 strips (the thinner the strip, the smaller/flatter the buns) - see note 1.
  • Taking the end furthest away from you, roll up the strip. When you reach half way, turn the strip over, so that the rolled part is underneath.
  • Roll up the end closest to you until it reaches the other half. Turn sideways, and place on the prepared tray.
  • Repeat with the other strips.
  • Cover again, and leave for a further 45 minutes.
  • Beat the egg, and wash over the tops of the buns. Attach a raisin in each end (in the middle of the spirals).
  • Bake for 8-14 minutes, depending on size (mine were small, so I baked them for 9 minutes). The buns are ready when they are starting to brown on top. Be careful not to overtake .
  • Remove from the oven and allow to cool. The buns are best served warm. Please note: the buns do get dry quite quickly, so if you are eating the next day, give them a quick 20 seconds in the microwave before eating. Enjoy!


I have made the dough using a stand mixer, but you could prepare the dough without one; just follow exactly the same instructions. 
  1. The ingredients made 16 small buns. You can make them bigger (taller) by making your strips a little thicker. The baking times may vary, depending on the size of your buns.
  2. You can use spelt or regular flour for this recipe (just use the same amount).
  3. In Sweden we have something called dried yeast. It is used both in warm liquid to proof and also added directly to flour. I am aware that the US has two options for dried yeast, and I believe dry active yeast is the most similar for the purpose of making this particular recipe.
I have converted grams to cups/ounces/tablespoons using online converters. Although I have no reason to believe they are inaccurate, please be aware that I have not made the recipe with imperial measurements.
In addition, many ingredients are different in Europe compared to North America. I do all I can to offer possible alternatives and to ensure the best possible outcomes for everyone. However, results cannot always be guaranteed if you have not used the same ingredients, measurements or methods as me.
Lastly, I do everything I can to ensure that my recipes (and instructions) are accurate and easy to follow. However, I am human, and don't always get it right. If you notice anything strange, a mistake, or even a typo, please let me know in the comments.


Spelt Swedish Lussebullar (Saint Lucia Saffron Buns)Spelt Swedish Lussebullar (Saint Lucia Saffron Buns)Spelt Swedish Lussebullar (Saint Lucia Saffron Buns)Spelt Swedish Lussebullar (Saint Lucia Saffron Buns)Spelt Swedish Lussebullar (Saint Lucia Saffron Buns)

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